about

  基本詞匯  
[?'ba?t]     [?'ba?t]    
  • prep. 關于;大約;在 ... 周圍
  • adv. 大約;附近;到處;在周圍
  • adj. 即將的;正要的;在流行中的
new

about的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

prep. (介詞)
  1. 關于,對于
  2. 從事于,忙于
  3. 在...的附近,在...的周圍 ,在...的身邊
  4. 大約在...時候
  5. 在...身上
  6. 在...的性格中
  7. 圍繞
  8. 在…到處,在…四處
adv. (副詞)
  1. 大約,左右,將近
  2. 到處,處處,四處,各處
  3. 幾乎,差不多
  4. 周圍
  5. 在附近,在近處,附近
  6. 在四周
  7. 向相反方向,向后轉,掉轉方向
  8. 凌亂地

英英釋義

Adjective:
  1. on the move;

    "up and about"
    "the whole town was astir over the incident"

Adverb:
  1. (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct;

    "lasted approximately an hour"
    "in just about a minute"
    "he's about 30 years old"
    "I've had about all I can stand"
    "we meet about once a month"
    "some forty people came"
    "weighs around a hundred pounds"
    "roughly $3,000"
    "holds 3 gallons, more or less"
    "20 or so people were at the party"

  2. all around or on all sides;

    "dirty clothes lying around (or about)"
    "let's look about for help"
    "There were trees growing all around"
    "she looked around her"

  3. in the area or vicinity;

    "a few spectators standing about"
    "hanging around"
    "waited around for the next flight"

  4. used of movement to or among many different places or in no particular direction;

    "wandering about with no place to go"
    "people were rushing about"
    "news gets around (or about)"
    "traveled around in Asia"
    "he needs advice from someone who's been around"
    "she sleeps around"

  5. in or to a reversed position or direction;

    "about face"
    "suddenly she turned around"

  6. in rotation or succession;

    "turn about is fair play"

  7. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;

    "the job is (just) about done"
    "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
    "we're almost finished"
    "the car all but ran her down"
    "he nearly fainted"
    "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
    "the recording is well-nigh perfect"
    "virtually all the parties signed the contract"
    "I was near exhausted by the run"
    "most everyone agrees"

about的用法和樣例:

例句

用作介詞 (prep.)
  1. Tell me all about it.
    告訴我關于這件事的一切。
  2. It is about six o'clock now.
    現在是六點鐘左右。
  3. It was a long flight and it took about fourteen hours.
    時間真長,飛了大約十四個小時。
  4. All about us in the store were piles of goods.
    在這家店里,我們周圍到處都是成堆的商品。
用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. Dinner is about ready.
    中飯就要做好了。
  2. He spoke to a few spectators standing about.
    他和站在附近的圍觀者交談。
  3. He's eighty now, and doesn't get about much any more.
    他現在80歲了,不能再到處走動了。
  4. He glanced quickly about and then stepped aside.
    他向四周掃了一眼,然后站在一旁。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. He was about to start.
    他即將動身。
  2. A new book is about to be brought out.
    一本新書即將出版。
  3. I was about to go out when he called on me.
    當他來訪時,我正要外出。
  4. There is a rumor about that they're getting divorced.
    正傳聞說他們要離婚。

詞匯搭配

經典引文

  • A mead Bordered about with warbling water brooks.

    出自: W. Owen
  • Be wary, look about.

    出自:Romeo Juliet , Shakespeare

about的詳細講解:

詞語用法

  1. 在指“不久就要……”時,后通常接不定式,如about to start。也有接動名詞,如about starting。但是不可再加表示時間的詞,如不可說about starting at once;
  2. 指“大約”的意思時,表達方式有about ten,about half等。注意ten和half都是明確的數量,about不該用在“多少不定”的詞前,如about more than ten,about less than half;
  3. 與at搭配使用時,about是副詞,沒有at時,about 是介詞。句中可有at,也可沒有,意思相同。

    I went (at) about five (o'clock).

  4. about + 不定式,表示“即將要去做某事”。

    Don't go out now - we're about to have lunch.

  5. about與動詞go組成短語時,為副詞,意為“著手做,從事”。

詞義辨析

about,around,round
  • 這些詞均有“在周圍、在附近”之意。
  • about既可表靜態,也可表動態。
  • around主要用于美國,靜態或動態均可。
  • round主要用于英國,多半指動態。
  • almost,nearly,about,approximately,around,roughly
  • 這些副詞均有“大約,差不多”之意。
  • almost指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
  • nearly與almost含義基本相同,側重指數量、時間或空間上的接近。
  • about??煞謅lmost和nearly換用,但about用于表示時間、數量的“大約”時,實際數量可能多也可能少。
  • approximately多用于書面語,指精確度接近某個標準以致誤差可忽略不計。
  • around多用于非正式場合,常見于美國英語。
  • roughly指按粗略估計,常代替about。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 9世紀前進入英語,直接源自古英語的onbutan,意為在……之外。

    about的相關資料:

    近反義詞

    【近義詞】

    臨近單詞

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